Tonga to amend controversial constitution clause 23 with new bill

    This story by Kalino Lātū was first published by Te Waha Nui

    A bill before Tonga’s Parliament that would amend a controversial clause in the kingdom’s constitution shows just how important it is for news media to hold leaders to account, says veteran journalist and publisher Kalafi Moala.

    The private bill would remove part of the Clause 23 re-enactment of 2013 that gives a convicted government representative 42 days in office with full entitlements and salaries while appealing a conviction.

    The clause sparked public outrage last month after Prime Minister Pōhiva Tu’i’onetoa used it as a justification for doing nothing against his jailed Cabinet Minister Akosita Lavulavu from the beginning of her court appearance until she had been sent to jail.

    Akosita and her husband ‘Etuate Lavulavu were jailed for six years after plundering more than half a million pa’anga of the Government’s school fund scheme, co-funded by the New Zealand and Australian governments.

    Tu’i’onetoa told media he could not have done anything under the law against Akosita until the results of her appeal were out.

    He said Clause 23 was to protect the rights of Tongan citizens.


    Critics noted that if the Court of Appeal rejected Akosita’s appeal the constitution had allowed a convict to stay in office for 42 days, or even more if their appeal was delayed.

    In Akosita’s case it will take until Court of Appeal hearing sessions in September or March next year’s to process her appeal.

    An opinion piece by the Kaniva Tonga News at the time asked the Prime Minister how the money paid Akosita after her conviction would be recouped if her appeal was rejected.

    The Tongan news site’s editorial said the clause was “embarrassing” for Tonga. It called on the Prime Minister to use his discretion.

    Kalafi Moala. Photo/Kalino Lātū

    The Prime Minister later made a sudden u-turn and declared in the House that Akosita had resigned and her pay had been stopped effective from July 1, effectively rejecting Clause 23.

    New Bill

    The amendment bill was submitted by the Speaker Lord Fakafanua last week, with Moala hailing it as a media success.

    “The recent attempt by Parliament to make some necessary amendment to Clause 23 is an example of how our lawmakers need to be more scrutinised on how they carry out legislative work,” Moala told Te Waha Nui.

    “Clause 23 was used by Prime Minister Pohiva  Tu’i’onetoa as an excuse for his non-action on his criminal Minister, Akosita Lavulavu.

    “Why [suddenly] accept the Minister’s resignation now, when the appeal has not taken place yet?”

    Moala said the Prime Minister had walked back on his stand on Clause 23.

    “This clearly shows the issue of his sideswipe of the Court’s decision and inappropriate support for his Minister had nothing to do with the law.

    “The man did not have the good sense . . . to discipline a corrupt minister.

    “Laws, in my view, are creations of imperfect man, but the laws are nevertheless based on a code of ethical behavior, underpinned by moral values that anchor a society.

    “Any laws in Tonga that do not correspond to a moral value system that is Christian and Biblical need amendment or abandonment.

    “What is legal should always be moral, yet there are times that a society legislates against morality.”


    ‘E alea’i Fale Alea hano liliu e konisitūtone kupu 23 ne fai ai ‘a e vālau hono ngāue’aki ‘e he palēmia’ ke malu’i ‘a ‘ene minisitā kuo tautea ngāue pōpula ki hono kākaa’i ha pa’anga ‘ova he vaeua miliona’ ko Akosita Lavulavu. Na’e tupu ‘eni  koe’uhī ko e pehē ‘e he kupu’ ni’ ‘e ‘ikai faka’aonga’i leva ha tu’utu’uni tautea ‘a e fakamaau’anga’ ki ha taha ngāue fakapule’anga kuo fakahalaia’i kae ‘oua leva kuo mahino ha’ane tangi. Na’e fakaanga’i lahi ‘a e lao ko ‘eni ‘e he Kaniva’ pea fai ai e tipeiti hangatonu he mītia’ mo e palēmia’. Ne pehē ‘e he ‘Ētita’ e Kaniva’ taimi ko ia’ ‘oku fu’u fakamā ‘aupito ‘a e fa’ahinga konisitūtone pehe’ ni ke ngāue’aki tautefito ki he ava ai e matapaa’ ke pipiki ki ai ‘a e palēmia’ kae tupu hono mafai ‘i he kupu 51 ‘o e konisitūtone’ ke ne tuku ha taha ki tu’a ‘i ha fa’ahinga taimi pe. Ne ‘ikai fuoloa kuo holomui e palēmia’ ‘o ‘ikai toe muimui ki he kupu 23 ka ne fakahā kuo fakafisi ‘a Akosita. Ko e lao fakaangaanga ko eni ko e fakahū atu ia ‘e Sea Fale Alea Lord Fakafanua. Kuo pehē ‘e Kalafi Moala ko e ngā’uni ko ‘eni ‘a e Fale Alea’ ko e ikuna ia ki he mītia pea mahino e mahu’inga ke nau sivisivi’i e to’o fatongia ‘a e kau taki mo fa’u lao ‘o e fonua’. Ko e lao fakaangaanga ‘eni ne fakahū atu he uike kuo ‘osi’ ‘e he Sea’ Looti Fakafanua. ‘Oku fokotu’u atu ai ke to’o ‘aupito ‘a e konga he kupu’ ni ‘oku’ ne faka’atā ke kei ma’u lakanga fakapule’anga pe ha taha kuo taute’i kapau ‘e tangi.


    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here